3-FPM

3-FPM is a research chemical obtainable from manufacturers that create research chemicals as well as supplementary chemicals. 3-FPM also referred to as Pal-593 is in the phenethylamine family and is known to be a stimulant. Via studies in laboratories as well as the chemistry of 3F-Phenmetrazine the effects are not as direct as other stimulants. The studies showed that 3-fpm produces less insomnia, euphoria, and nervousness than other chemicals in the same family.

Since 3-fpm is a new research chemical only found from manufacturers beginning in 2014, more research needs to be done to learn about the toxicity and abuse potential, therefore is not for human consumption.

However, since the effects seem to be a bit more subtle than others in the family, it is a wonderful research chemical with potential for becoming a new medication. Until that time, however, it must be remembered that it is only a research chemical and not for human or animal consumption.
When looking at this compound it has the same chemical structure as other amphetamines with one difference which is at the R3 of the phenyl ring there is a fluorine atom attached. Through scientific study, 3-fpm has been determined to be an analog of ephedrine and a derivative of phenmetrazine.
The way Pal-593 is believed to react is that it releases norepinephrine, serotonin, and dopamine which will accumulate in the brain to bring on the stimulating effects. When compared to methylphenidate, 3-fpm showed to have a higher affinity for the transporters.

Most studies on this research chemical only compared the chemical structure to other amphetamines. Most have based their data on the analog instead and then predicted what the various chemistry of 3-fpm would be such as index of refraction, boiling point, and surface tension, to name a few. Predictions of the outcome were published by ACD/Labs’, US Environmental Protection Agency’s EPISuite, and ChemAxon on phenmetrazine and not on 3-fpm but many use this data to further study the new research chemical.
When studying research chemicals, most will look at the parent chemical, the family, the homolog, and the analog. Comparisons will be made on the structure and how the chemical binds to receptors to determine if the new research chemical will have the same, higher, or lower effects on animals and humans.